24시출장샵
  • 서귀포속초 여관
  • 창원출장샵
  • 울산출장샵
  • 통영용산구 안마방
  • 서귀포출장샵⊙24시출장샵♡서귀포태국 마사지 서비스(서귀포로드샵 단속)✦﹛서귀포천안 조건﹜⊙서귀포스즈하라 에미리 마사지↲서귀포야동 마사지▌서귀포출장걸♂서귀포진주 가격○서귀포여성 전용 마사지 알바

    As UN climate negotiations resume in Bonn, we look at why the crunch Paris climate conference from 30 November to 11 December is so important

    수원출장샵
    French foreign minister Laurent Fabius talks to delegates during the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in Bonn, Germany. Photograph: Martin Meissner/AP

    서귀포출장샵☼24시출장샵♢서귀포태국 마사지 서비스(서귀포인계동 안마방 후기)┓﹛서귀포아주대 안마방﹜▥서귀포여친 마사지┙서귀포안마방 존댓말⇍서귀포목포 마사지☰서귀포사가정 안마방0서귀포건전 마사지

    The governments of more than 190 nations 증평자궁 마사지 , aimed at reducing global greenhouse gas emissions and thus avoiding the threat of dangerous climate change.

    서귀포출장샵✯예약금없는출장샵◥서귀포태국 마사지 서비스(서귀포하노이 vip 마사지)↔﹛서귀포전신 마사지﹜↔서귀포구월동 안마방☪서귀포안마방 강남⇙서귀포강북 안마방☪서귀포인천 마사지╕서귀포안마방 나이

    Current commitments on greenhouse gas emissions run out in 2020, so at Paris governments are expected to produce an agreement on what happens for the decade after that at least, and potentially beyond.

    Emissions trajectory Photograph: Guardian

    서귀포출장샵☀예약↶서귀포태국 마사지 서비스(서귀포게이 마사지)○﹛서귀포안마방 수면﹜⇏서귀포면목동 안마방❀서귀포수원 마사지☼서귀포호치민 1군 마사지☍서귀포24시간 마사지フ서귀포산남동 마사지

    Scientists have warned that if greenhouse gas emissions continue to rise, we will pass the threshold beyond which global warming becomes catastrophic and irreversible. That threshold is estimated as a temperature rise of 2C above pre-industrial levels, and on current emissions trajectories 대전출장샵 . That may not sound like much, but the temperature difference between today’s world and the last ice age was about 5C, so seemingly small changes in temperature can mean big differences for the Earth.

    서귀포출장샵⇠출장부르는법┴서귀포태국 마사지 서비스(서귀포국노)↺﹛서귀포구리 안마방﹜▬서귀포모텔 출장안마✈서귀포안마방 초이스 torrent♭서귀포밀양 안마방λ서귀포구미 마사지♠서귀포검단 안마방

    They have: global negotiations on climate change have been carrying on for more than 20 years. The history of climate change goes back much further: in the 19th century, physicists theorised about the role of greenhouse gases, chiefly carbon dioxide, in the atmosphere, and several suggested that the warming effect would increase alongside the levels of these gases in the atmosphere. But this was all theoretical.

    Only in the past few decades have scientists begun the measurements necessary to establish a relationship between current carbon levels and temperatures, and the science conducted since then 경주안마방 가는법 : that rising greenhouse gas emissions, arising from our use of fossil fuels and our industries, lead to higher temperatures.

    서귀포출장샵♖출장부르는법§서귀포태국 마사지 서비스(서귀포베트남 안마방)⇪﹛서귀포안마방 벌금﹜♛서귀포군산 모텔 가격λ서귀포대천 안마방☜서귀포출장서비스⇀서귀포호치민 1군 마사지↓서귀포여관 미시

    No. Global temperatures have been on a clear upward path. There was a spike in 1998, after which temperatures were lower – 전주출장안마 – that led some climate sceptics to claim that the world was cooling.

    서귀포출장샵서귀포다낭 마사지 추천

  • 광양군포 마사지
  • 서귀포안산 대딸방
  • 서귀포출장샵
  • But it is important to note that temperatures have not fallen, or stalled – they have continued to rise. Given the variations that characterise our weather systems, a period in which the rate of warming slowed is not unexpected.

    For the past two years, the rate of warming seems to have accelerated again , but little can be construed from that.

    서귀포출장샵♠24시출장샵ツ서귀포태국 마사지 서비스(서귀포일본 마사지 tumblr)✘﹛서귀포fc2 남친 마사지﹜↺서귀포안마방 ssul↿서귀포아로마 마사지 팬티➴서귀포부산 모텔 아가씨┥서귀포안마방 69➷서귀포보령 안마방

    In 1992, governments met in Rio de Janeiro and 태안눈 마사지 기계 . That agreement, still in force, bound governments to take action to avoid dangerous climate change, but did not specify what actions. Over the following five years, governments wrangled over what each should do, and what should be the role of developed countries versus poorer nations.

    Those years of argument produced, in 1997, 창원출장안마 . That pact required worldwide cuts in emissions of about 5%, compared with 1990 levels, by 2012, and each developed country was allotted a target on emissions reductions. But developing countries, including China, South Korea, Mexico and other rapidly emerging economies, were given no targets and allowed to increase their emissions at will.

    카지노사이트
    통영덕천 마사지 진주출장샵 경산대구 모텔 촌
    People sign the Earth pledge made at the the UN Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in June 1992. Photograph: UN Photo

    Al Gore, then US vice-president, signed up to the protocol, but it was quickly apparent that it would never be ratified by the US Congress. Legally, the protocol could not come into force until countries representing 55% of global emissions had ratified it. With the US – then the world’s biggest emitter – on the outside, that was not going to happen.

    So for most of the following decade, the Kyoto protocol remained in abeyance and global climate change negotiations ground to a near-halt. But in late 2004, 진주출장샵 – unexpectedly, and as part of a move to have its application for World Trade Organisation membership accepted by the European Union. That made up the weight needed, and the protocol finally came into force.

    서귀포출장샵ホ24시출장샵⇩서귀포태국 마사지 서비스(서귀포남순 마사지)√﹛서귀포남성 마사지﹜☣서귀포포항 양덕 마사지₪서귀포천호동 안마방◘서귀포막탄 마사지☋서귀포양재 마사지⇇서귀포마사지 야.동

    Not quite. The US, under George W Bush, remained firmly outside Kyoto, so although the UN negotiations carried on year after year, the US negotiators were often in different rooms from the rest of the world. It was clear a new approach was needed that could bring the US in, and encourage the major developing economies – especially China, now the world’s biggest emitter – to take on limits to their emissions.

    What followed was, 창원현풍 마사지 an action plan that set the world on the course to a new agreement that would take over from Kyoto.

    서귀포출장샵┳24시출장샵✓서귀포태국 마사지 서비스(서귀포당동 안마방)♤﹛서귀포까치산 안마방﹜⇚서귀포마사지 섹스└서귀포범계 마사지☊서귀포용암동 마사지☁서귀포조건 만남 카톡╈서귀포판상근 마사지

    It did take a long time. But getting agreement from 196 countries was never going to be easy. The next act of this long-running drama fully demonstrated that: the 카지노사이트 .

    평창익산 안마방
    경상남도상무지구 마사지 구미출장안마 포항저주파 마사지
    US president Barack Obama along with European leaders including German chancellor Angela Merkel, centre, attend negotiations on the final night of the Copenhagen UN Climate Change summit in Denmark on 18 December 2009. Photograph: Pool/Getty Images

    서귀포출장샵┽예약금없는출장샵♨서귀포태국 마사지 서비스(서귀포마사지 영상)♠﹛서귀포마사지 레전드﹜┽서귀포마사지 포르노✖서귀포대만 마사지✔서귀포대전 모텔 가격┯서귀포소라넷 안마방➼서귀포진영 안마방

    Everything but the treaty. All of the world’s developed countries and the biggest developing countries agreed – for the first time – to limits on their greenhouse gas emissions. This was a landmark, as it meant the world’s biggest emitters were united towards a single goal.

    The emissions reductions agreed on were still not enough to meet scientific advice, but they were a big advance on reducing emissions compared with “business as usual”.

    But what didn’t happen turned out to be the point that NGOs and many in the press seized on. 서울출장샵 .

    서귀포출장샵╨24시출장샵╪서귀포태국 마사지 서비스(서귀포출장마사지 후기)♘﹛서귀포천안안마﹜•서귀포코 마사지 효과➺서귀포서양 마사지 fc2❥서귀포안마방 엉덩이❉서귀포장애인 안마방╍서귀포천안안마

    It depends on your viewpoint. The Kyoto protocol was a beautifully written, watertight, fully legally binding international treaty, a sub-treaty of the similarly binding UNFCCC. But it never met its objectives, because it wasn’t ratified by the US, and not by Russia until it was too late. And 온라인카지노 .

    The Copenhagen agreement, on the other hand, was not fully adopted by the UN in 2009 because of last-minute chaos at the conference, though it was ratified the following year 제주도군포 안마방 . For this reason, the Copenhagen agreement was derided as a failure by green groups.

    서귀포출장샵◢예약금없는출장샵α서귀포태국 마사지 서비스(서귀포페니스 마사지)▪﹛서귀포수유역 아로마 마사지﹜シ서귀포강남구청 안마방⇞서귀포야동 마사지↕서귀포출장미인아가씨卐서귀포새로운 안마방 아가씨 토렌트★서귀포서귀포 안마방

    But the targets agreed at Copenhagen, in the form of a document signed by world leaders, still stand.

    Representatives of governments from more than 190 nations will try to reach an agreement on carbon emissions at the COP 21 Paris climate talks in December. Photograph: COP21

    서귀포출장샵╰예약금없는출장샵◑서귀포태국 마사지 서비스(서귀포엘림 마사지)◦﹛서귀포부산역 모텔 가격﹜↸서귀포장유 안마방♐서귀포안마방 bj﹄서귀포마사지 1인샵╄서귀포서산 마사지♪서귀포이반 마사지

    We know already what the biggest emitters have committed to. The 진해정읍 안마방 , compared with 1990 levels, by 2030. The 카지노사이트 , compared with 2005 levels, by 2025. 평택출장샵 .

    Nations responsible for more than 90% of global emissions have now come up with their targets – 부천마사지 망가 . These include all of the major developed and developing countries, though their contributions vary: in the case of developed countries, actual cuts in emissions, but for developing countries a range of targets including limits on emissions compared to “business as usual”, and pledges to increase low-carbon energy or preserve forests.

    Analysis of the INDCS, endorsed by the UN, has suggested that 온라인카지노 . That is not quite enough to meet the scientific advice. However, that is not the end of the story. One of the key components of any Paris agreement would be to institute a system of review of the emissions targets every five years, with a view to ratcheting them upwards.

    Another, and complementary, approach is to make more effort to bring down emissions outside the UN process, for instance by engaging “non-state actors” such as cities, local governments and businesses to do more.

    서귀포출장샵⇩예약금없는출장샵✔서귀포태국 마사지 서비스(서귀포김포 마사지)ワ﹛서귀포춘천 마사지﹜╅서귀포강남 전립선 마사지↪서귀포곤지암 마사지┘서귀포신림 마사지ヤ서귀포김연아 안마방✎서귀포출장샵

    Not at all – the other key question, apart from emissions reductions, is finance. Poorer countries want the rich world to provide them with financial help that will enable them to invest in clean technology to cut their greenhouse gas emissions, and to adapt their infrastructure to the likely damage from climate change.

    This is a hugely contentious issue. At Copenhagen, where the finance part of the deal was only sorted out at the very last minute, 카지노사이트 , and they said that by 2020, financial flows of at least $100bn a year would be provided.

    As a cornerstone of any Paris agreement, poor countries want assurances that this pledge will be met. That has now been given, in several forms: 원주출장샵 showing that two thirds of the finance required is already being supplied; and 천안출장샵 showed that the remainder can be made up by increased finance from the World Bank and other development banks, and from the private sector. The World Bank and several governments have already committed to upping their financial assistance, meaning that a clear path towards the 2020 target can now be discerned.

    There is more, however. Poor nations also want a similar provision in place beyond 2020, but there is strong disagreement over how this should be done. Some want all the money to come from rich country governments, but those governments are adamant that they will not provide such funding solely from the public purse. They want international development banks, such as the World Bank, to play a role, and they want most of the funding to come from the private sector.

    An agreement on this is still possible, but it will be one of the main obstacles to a Paris deal.

    서귀포출장샵▨예약ソ서귀포태국 마사지 서비스(서귀포마사지 물)♔﹛서귀포거제 마사지﹜▣서귀포마사지 간판구분▶서귀포신림동 마사지┩서귀포산본 마사지╝서귀포코 마사지♡서귀포하이퐁 마사지

    Yes. The heads of state or government of more than 130 countries have already said they will come. These include Barack Obama of the US, Xi Jinping of China, Narendra Modi of India, Angela Merkel of Germany and David Cameron of the UK. have as yet pulled out as a result of the terrorist attacks on Paris, and security has been stepped up as an assurance. Unlike the Copenhagen talks, however, at which world leaders turned up at the last minute of the two weeks of talks to find their negotiating teams in chaos and without a clear agreement for them to sign, this time the leaders will arrive at the beginning of the conference, give their negotiating teams clear instructions, and expect a fully formed agreement at the end of it.

    On behalf of the French government, the conference will be led by foreign minister Laurent Fabius, and environment minister Segolene Royal, but the French president Francois Hollande will also play a key role. They are all confident that a deal can be made.

    장성안마방 수위
    창원출장안마 광주코타키나발루 마사지 천안출장샵
    French president Francois Hollande. Photograph: Philippe Wojazer /Pool/EPA

    서귀포출장샵☆출장부르는법ワ서귀포태국 마사지 서비스(서귀포정관 마사지)✐﹛서귀포마송 안마방﹜┣서귀포부산 타이 마사지ο서귀포남성전용마사지○서귀포나비야 마사지➦서귀포안마방 지명녀✕서귀포익산 안마방

    The key question now is over security. With the French capital under recent attack, and reports of fresh assaults averted by the armed forces, the atmosphere in Paris will be unlike any city that has hosted major international talks before. Security will be paramount - the French police and army will be on the streets, and the venue will be patrolled by uniformed UN guards - but the atrocities of 13 November will hang heavily on all delegates. This may mean that when world leaders attend private meetings, terrorism is discussed before climate change. But it may also mean that delegates are under more pressure than ever to come up with a deal, given the tragic circumstances surrounding them.서귀포출장샵서귀포안마방 입문↰서귀포해수욕 마사지✗﹛서귀포김무열 마사지﹜서귀포홍성 안마방▪서귀포대전 마사지 후기▫서귀포마사지방☺서귀포타이마사지 팁 서비스▤광주출장안마예약서귀포괌 안마방✖서귀포정왕역 안마방┱<서귀포인천 마사지>서귀포기획 마사지➚서귀포출장가격┤서귀포연신내 마사지⊿서귀포출장연애인급♪서귀포출장샵포천안마방 수면서귀포안마방 에이스 토렌트★서귀포의정부 모텔 추천φ【서귀포여성 전신 마사지】서귀포안마방 질싸↮서귀포마사지 어플◑서귀포호텔 출장┕서귀포구로 안마방♛서귀포휴게텔 안마방 차이↤서귀포우에하라 아이 마사지┚〖서귀포군대 안마방〗서귀포포항 마사지 후기▪서귀포안마방 카드사용╉서귀포타이마사지 서비스⇤서귀포콜걸 후기コ서귀포안마방 tumblr0서귀포안마방 서비스➛[서귀포안마방 몰카 유출~ 대화 대박임]서귀포도쿄 마사지⊙서귀포콜걸업소▦서귀포안마방 에이즈╗서귀포속초 여관❀서귀포안마방 사귄↕서귀포수암 마사지»‹서귀포여성 전용 마사지›서귀포발리 마사지◎서귀포용암동 마사지⇃서귀포마사지 알바↕서귀포천안 유흥⇩출장부르는법광주용암동 모텔출장부르는법서귀포아로마 마사지♂서귀포목포 안마방●﹛서귀포상주 안마방﹜서귀포op◇서귀포대산 마사지▣서귀포안마방 정보⇙서귀포조루 안마방⇖서귀포출장샵서귀포출장샵대전출장안마서귀포외국인 안마방서귀포송도 안마방서귀포눈커지는 마사지서귀포신촌 안마방서귀포출장샵서귀포콜걸만남⇢서귀포안마방 아이돌✃<서귀포목 마사지>서귀포경포대 안마방囍서귀포타이 마사지 퇴폐↹서귀포춘천 안마방╀서귀포마사지 검색╚밀양한물간 연예인 안마방

    If nations can meet and agree equitable goals on the climate, in these circumstances, it will be a triumph for international cooperation, for our wellbeing and security, and for faith in the future, in the face of forces who wish to destroy all three.

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